Under the Present Constitution
Four constitutional commissions are established by the Zimbabwean Constitution:
· the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission
· the Zimbabwe Anti-Corruption Commission
· the Zimbabwe Media Commission
· the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission.
Appointment of Constitutional Commissions
The Electoral Commission consists of a chairperson and 8 other members all appointed by the President. In the case of the chairperson, the appointment is made after consultation with the Judicial Service Commission and the Parliamentary Committee on Standing Rules and Orders [CSRO]. The other 8 members of the Commission are appointed by the President from a list of at least 12 nominees submitted by the CSRO. The only limitations on who may be appointed are: the chairperson to be a judge or former judge of the Supreme Court or High Court, or a person qualified to be such a judge; and, that at least 4 members, apart from the chairperson must be women.
This consists of at least 4, but not more than 9 members, appointed by the President “in consultation with” (not “after consultation with”) the CSRO. Qualifications are laid down, in that there must be one legal practitioner, one accountant and one person with at least 10 years’ experience in the investigation of crime.
The Media Commission consists of a chairperson and 8 other members, appointed by the President from a list of at least 12 nominees submitted by the CRSO. Appointees must be chosen for their knowledge of and experience in the press, print or electronic media, or broadcasting.