What is a Constitution?
The constitution of a country is a set of rules that define the nature and extent of the country’s government. It is sometimes referred to as the country’s fundamental or basic law, and has supremacy over all other laws. A constitution establishes the basic institutions of the State and regulates the executive, legislative and judicial branches of government and the relationships between those branches; many modern constitutions also regulate relationships between individuals and their government, particularly by guaranteeing individuals certain fundamental human rights. The provisions that can and should go into a constitution will be dealt with under the following headings:
I. Institutions of government
II. Relations between individuals and the government
III. Local government institutions
IV. Amendment of the constitution
V. Checks and balances
VI. Other considerations